In France's public institutions of higher education, the government bears the bulk of the cost of education—an average of €10,000 per student per year.

Annual tuition rates at public institutions are set by law. The rates for the 2011–12 academic year are, by degree program:

  • €177 for licence programs
  • €245 for master's programs
  • €372 for doctoral programs
  • €584 for programs leading to the diplôme d’ingénieur

Additional fees may be assessed for specific services.

Tuition rates at private institutions—particularly schools of business and management—is generally higher (from €3,000 to €10,000 annually).